Tuesday, December 20, 2016

Literature Review Blog #5

1. Image result

2. Blumenstyk, Goldie. "Costs, Spending, And Debt." American Higher Education in Crisis?: What
Everyone Needs to Know. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2015. 43-57. Print.
3. It is known that both public and private schools’ tuition have been rising but what many people do not know is that their reasons may differ. State appropriations have long been a main source of funding for public institutions; whereas private schools typically gain their income “via gifts from its wealthy alumni, federal grants, and hospital fees if [they have] one” (Blumenstyk, 44). Recently, these state appropriations have been dropping which, in turn, is causing public schools to make up for the money lost in any fashion that they can; and one of the main ways they are finding suitable is raising the costs of tuition.

4. Goldie Blumenstyk is an editor and reporter for The Chronicle of Higher Education. She is also the author of "American Higher Education in Crisis? What Everyone Needs to Know" which is one of my most important sources. 

5.6.  “Looking at this shift in state support another way, in twenty-four states in 2012, the share of revenue for public colleges coming from students through tuition and fees exceeded the share coming from the state. As recently as 2000, that had been the case in only three states” (Blumenstyk, 49).

“Ultimately, when it comes to higher-education philanthropy, it is mostly a story of the rich getting richer. In 2013 colleges received more than 33.8 billion in donations--a record. But generally the big money goes to the biggest and most established institutions, typically a handful of elite liberal arts colleges and universities with major research programs and hospitals. Indeed, in 2013, ten institutions, all of them private research universities, accounted for about 17 percent of the reported total donated to higher education, according to the Council on Aid to Education” (Blumenstyk, 47).

 “Higher education donors are also picky about how their money is spent. All but about 10 percent is given with the stipulation that it be used for a particular purpose” (Blumenstyk, 48). 

7. This source became one of my most important. It contains numerous quotes which pertain to my argument. Blumenstyk has become one of the most quoted sources in my paper and I am glad to have read and learned from her book. 

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